June 14, 1978 – Cold War African Style – Normalizing Relations With China
June 14, 1978 – A day full of foreign relations and Cold War tit-for-tat.
Beginning with White allegations of Soviet/Cuban/East German meddling in the affairs of Zaire (former Congo). President Carter laid blame at the Castro government, who vehemently denied the charges, and even prompted some members of Congress to doubt Carter’s claims. However, CIA reports indicated that they had proof of Cuban meddling by way of captured Rebel troops who told interrogators of being trained extensively by Soviet, Cuban and East German advisers, and that there were Cuban troops roaming between Angola and Zaire. And the War of Words continues.
Meanwhile, normalization of relations with Red China were put on the fast-track between the White House and Beijing. At the center were conditions being stipulated by President Carter; aid and trade with Taiwan must continue, when the U.S. Embassy closes down in Taipei, a U.S. Trade Office be opened up. And finally, that the Chinese make it clear in some way that they will not use force to occupy Taiwan. Those three conditions needed to be negotiated between the two countries before they can proceed. If they proved acceptable to Beijing, the U.S. would then abrogate its Mutual Defense Treaty with Nationalist China and withdraw all its troops from Taiwan, where there about 1,000 still stationed there. The U.S. said there was no timetable for acceptance of these conditions, but if the process of normalization was to be accelerated, a deal may be struck by 1979. This was intended to be a strong signal to Moscow that the U.S. was intending to finally play its so-called “China Card”.
And the Middle-East popped into the equation with questions from Washington about the future status of the occupied West Bank region and the Gaza Strip remained officially unanswered by Israel. The matter wound up causing a three-way split in the Israeli cabinet. Not helping matters was a headline in an Egyptian newspaper claiming the chances for an Israeli/Egyptian settlement would be better if Ezer Weizman was Prime Minister (as opposed to current Prime Minister Menachem Begin).
All that and much-much more for this June 14,1978 from The CBS World News Roundup.