June 20, 1983 – A momentous month if you were living in Poland. For the second time, Pope John-Paul II came for a visit, amid government crackdowns and world attention brought on by the Solidarity movement and its leader Lech Walesa. Still, the Pope was able to visit and conduct Mass in several cities around Poland. On this day he was on his way to Katowice, the mining town made famous by the series of strikes in 1981. Earlier in the day he conducted mass in Poznan where crowds were estimated at upwards to a million attended. This was typical of the turnout throughout his visit. During his appearance in Poznan, he praised the efforts of the rural community; the Farmers who were joining the Solidarity movement, for their bravery in standing up to the repressive regime on Jaruzelski.
The question was when and where The Pope was expected to meet with Solidarity leader Lech Walesa – there were no outright confirmations whether or not the meeting already had taken place. But when Walesa went to work this morning at his usual job at Gdansk Shipyard, he was cheered by co-workers.
West Berlin was the site of more rioting on this day. Police said they used teargas on a crowd of some 100 people who threw stones, smashed windows and set fire to a construction vehicle. There was more serious right the previous Sunday which left more than 46 Police injured. The riots were sparked by protests over the presence of neo-Nazis.
And despite threats from the IRA, Britain’s Queen Mother flew to Northern Ireland to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Territorial Army. The 82 year-old mother of Queen Elizabeth II was scheduled to attend a number of functions in Belfast.
And that’s only a small sample of what went on, this June 20, 1983 as reported by The CBS World News Roundup and the CBS Hourly News.