Contemplating NATO – Worries Over Cold War – 1949 – Past Daily Reference Room
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The subject of NATO has been in the news in recent months with a movement afoot on behalf of the current administration to divest ourselves from it. In the years directly after World War 2, it was a different story.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. NATO constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party. NATO’s Headquarters are located in Evere, Brussels, Belgium, while the headquarters of Allied Command Operations is near Mons, Belgium.
Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 29. The most recent member state to be added to NATO is Montenegro on 5 June 2017. NATO currently recognizes Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, North Macedonia and Ukraine as aspiring members. An additional 21 countries participate in NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, with 15 other countries involved in institutionalized dialogue programs. The combined military spending of all NATO members constitutes over 70% of the global total. Members have committed to reach or maintain defense spending of at least 2% of GDP by 2024.
In this episode of the weekly radio series The Chicago University Roundtable, the subject of NATO, which at the time was just forming, is the subject of debate as was the issue of Russia and their involvement in what was rapidly shaping up to becoming a cold war.
For some background on what NATO was all about and what it promised, here is that discussion from the March 6, 1949 broadcast of Chicago University Roundtable, less than a month before NATO came into being.