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August 10, 1975 – a day of anniversaries and upheaval. In Washington, it was the one-year anniversary since President Nixon resigned from Office amid the Watergate scandal and the installation of Gerald Ford to the office; the country was still recovering. It was thirty years since the American bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, effectively ending World War 2 in the Pacific. Since then, Japan became a much-trusted ally as President Ford hosted a two-day summit with the new leader of Japan, Takeo Miki. Those close to the President and the Prime Minister said it was a meeting of great importance between the two countries. But Japan was not without its own problems. A terrorist group called The Japanese Red Army seized the consular section of the U.S. Embassy in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia along with 53 hostages who demanded and won the release of five comrades in Japanese jails and were flown to Libya.
The upheaval was coming from India, where Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had declared a State of Emergency in June but with further steps were underway, including a near total censorship of the media, as well as the mass jailing of thousands of her opponents to cement her conversion of India into a one-party state. It was an assurance that Indira Gandhi would be retaining power. The legislators approved constitutional amendments which effectively exonerated her of election violations for which she was convicted in June. And then nullifying the laws themselves and also allowing her to keep her “state of emergency” in place indefinitely. What was most noteworthy was that the Indian rank and file seemed to accept it all without protest.
And that’s just a small slice of what went on, for news ending this August 10th in 1975 as presented by The World This Week from CBS Radio.