Nehru pitching the issue of Independence

Nehru and Indian Independence - one of several dominos.

June 4, 1947 – Peace Treaties And Independence – Union Grumblings – De-Nazification In Argentina

Nehru pitching the issue
Nehru and Indian Independence – one of several dominos.
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June 4, 1947 – Elmer Davis And The News – ABC Radio – Gordon Skene Sound Collection –

June 4, 1947 – A busy day, typical of the Postwar atmosphere. At issue was the question of Peace Treaties, Independence movements, trade unions and the process of de-Nazification in Germany.

Leading off with the issue of Treaties and where Capitol Hill was standing on the question of whether to negotiate a single peace treaty or several separate ones. Senator Vandenburg noted that creating a separate peace treaty with Germany was an unavoidable last resort, based on what Herbert Hoover and others were discussing. From the general tone, issues existing between Austria, Italy, the Balkans and Germany were all different and one uniform treaty wasn’t practical, particularly if the Senate didn’t approve the single-treaty approach. Meanwhile, the Hungarian Foreign minister in Washington said he regarded the Soviet-controlled government in his country as illegal and would refuse to recognize it. That came on the heels of the Senate preparing to vote on ratifying a treaty with Hungary – taking sides on that question could prove embarrassing for the State Department.

The Independence issue was at the forefront, with India on the front burner. The British plan for Partition was already raising suspicions within government circles in India. Correspondents at a news conference held by Lord Mountbatten thought that if Hindustan (India proper) chose to be completely independent, while Pakistan preferred to remain a dominion within the British Commonwealth, that would mean there would still be British influence in India. But Mountbatten did the best he could to persuade Indians to accept a united India from which the British could withdraw completely. The concern was with Pakistan, two widely separated areas with hundreds of miles of Hindustan in between didn’t look like a very good prospect for any long existence as an independent state. The logical move would be for federation with the rest of India, but for the moment that wasn’t a prospect being considered..

The House voted to pass the conference version of the Taft-Hartley labor bill by a margin of 321-79. The Senate was expected to pass the bill the following day. Speaking of Labor – the Coal Miners contract was set to expire in 26 days and Coal Miners President John L. Lewis was threatening to pull a work stoppage. And any prolonged coal strike would create an emergency to meet which the government would have no power under the present law after the end of the month.

The question of Argentina, the Peron government and the presence and influence of German Nazis along with native Argentine Fascism bubbled to the surface this day. Pressure was being put on Juan Peron to purge his own government of Nazi influence. However, it was noted the delay in doing that was more an issue of Argentine officials down the line dragging their feet and failing to carry out Peron’s orders.

And so it went – that, and so much more was in the news this June 4, 1947 as presented by Elmer Davis News And Commentary.

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