October 24, 1960 – Trial By Crisis – Narrated By Edward Murrow CBS Radio – Gordon Skene Sound Collection –
October 24, 1945 – The day The United Nations officially got started. An answer to the dismantled and abandoned League of Nations, The United Nations was determined not to fall into the same traps the earlier organization did.
From August to October 1944, representatives of the United States, United Kingdom, China, and the U.S.S.R. met at Dumbarton Oaks, an estate in Washington, D.C., to formulate plans for an organization to foster international cooperation after the war. The resulting Dumbarton Oaks proposals, along with provisions agreed upon by Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Yalta Conference in February 1945, formed the basis for the United Nations Conference on International Organization.
Representatives of 50 countries gathered at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, California from 25 April to 26 June 1945. For the next two months, they proceeded to draft and then sign the UN Charter, which created a new international organization, the United Nations, which, it was hoped, would prevent another world war like the one they had just lived through. On October 24, 1945 the Charter was ratified and signed and the UN began.
This documentary, which at the time celebrated the United Nations at 15 was narrated by Edward R. Murrow and gives a history of the Organization up to that time. Needless to say, The Documentary, produced by CBS Radio was called Trial By Crisis and it pretty much summed up what the ensuing 15 years was about for the United Nations and its members. In the 62 years since the documentary aired and some 77 years since its inception, many more crises have developed – and despite what at times were harsh criticisms of the UN as a governing body, it has managed to be the glue that has held the world together. And that is cause for celebration alone.
To get an idea how the United Nations was faring on it’s anniversary in 1960, here is Trial By Crisis narrated by Edward R. Murrow from October 24, 1960.
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